Substantive editing is also known as content editing or comprehensive editing. It involves:
- tightening or rearranging passages
- restructuring chapters
- removing or adding plots, characters, or scenes
- recalibrating pacing
- strengthening logical connections
A substantive edit is a significant undertaking. It requires additional work from the author but can greatly improve a manuscript.
Because different style guides have different preferences, copy editing is also known as copyediting. Confusing? Not to a copy editor! A manuscript is ready to be copy edited when the only remaining errors are stylistic or grammatical. Copy editing involves:
- correcting grammar and spelling
- checking facts
- fine-tuning and standardizing style
- ensuring that details are consistent
- clarifying confusing passages
Copy editing is different from proofreading, which involves checking for typos, production errors, etc.
I provide copy editing services for articles and dissertations in a number of academic disciplines. More details are available here.